Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States. The city was founded on the Shawmut Peninsula back in 1630 by the Puritan settlers from England. Boston was a focal point of many key events throughout the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. This iconic city continued to play a major role in the growth of the United States following American independence from Great Britain.
The city of Boston is often referred to as the “city of neighborhoods,” referring to the profusion of diverse subsections in the city. The Office of Neighborhood Services has officially designated 23 different neighborhoods. Interestingly, over two-thirds of inner Boston’s modern land did not even exist when the city was founded. The land crew as a result of the gradual filling in of the surrounding tidal areas over the centuries. Much of the earth used to create these new areas came come the leveling or lowering of Boston’s three original hills.
Boston has grown into an international center of higher education and medicine, becoming a world leader in innovation. There are more than 100 colleges and universities in the greater Boston, Massachusetts area, with over 250,000 students enrolled in the Boston/Cambridge area alone. Four of these schools are members of the Association of American Universities: Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston University, and Brandeis University.